Hover over the different autonomous communities (regions) to interact with the map. Click on the red regions to see an overview of each community's musical style.

Basque CountryAragonCataloniaMadridAndalusiaGalicia

Basque Country

The Basque Country is located in the north of Spain, bordering France. This region has a rich culture of traditions that reflect its rural landscape. The traditional folklore music is associated with percussion and dance.

The most common dance is the aurresku, part of which is the zortzico. This dance is performed by a chistulari or txistulari, a musician that plays the chistu and the tamboril at the same time, and a dantzari, a male dancer.


Aragon is a very historical community; an influential kingdom before the creation and unification of Spain. The official languages of this region are Spanish, Aragonese, and Catalan. The historical traditions of this region are vast. One example is the jota, a lively dance performed by pairs in triplet time, accompanied by guitars, bandurrias, and castanets.


This region is located in the northeast of Spain and borders France. Barcelona, the second largest city in Spain, is the capital of Catalonia. The official languages are Catalan and Spanish.

Folklore includes the Sardana, a folk dance performed by a group of people arranged in a circle. This dance is accompanied by Catalan instruments such as the tenora, tible, flabiol, and temboril.

Isaac Albéniz, Enrique Granados, and Padre Antonio Soler are among many of the composers born in Catalonia.


Madrid, established as the capital by King Philip II in 1561, is located in the center of the Iberian Peninsula. Many great musicians have studied or lived in this important and inspirational city.

Traditionally, the regional dance is the chotis. The instrument typically used is the organillo, a street organ. The "main characters" of this folklore are the chulapos and chulapas, also referred to as majos and majas, who have a cocky attitude and boastful attire. Enrique Granados's Goyescas is a nod to painter Francisco de Goya, who used these characters as subjects in his works.


The region of Andalusia became a major cultural point in the Iberian Peninsula due to the diversity of communities, cultures, and languages.

Flamenco is the most famous musical style of Andalusia and is usually associated with the Roma people. Although flamenco is thought of as a dance, it was originally a song style. The song style has lyrics that express tempestuous emotions like despair, guilt, and jealousy.


Located in northwest Spain, Galicia is known for its vast culture, traditions, and architecture. Many Galician customs stem from Celtic culture, as Galicians are descendants of the Celts who occupied this area around 400 BC. Before the majority of the peninsula came under the rule of the Hispanic Monarchy,  Galicia existed as an independent kingdom. The official languages are Galician and Spanish. 


This Spanish community actively maintains numerous historical traditions, particularly those rooted in folklore. The most popular dance and musical tradition is the muñeira, and the bagpipe is the most characteristic instrument of Galicia.